Fair Value Measurements
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements||Fair Value Measurements
Fair value measurements discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The carrying amounts of accounts receivable, inventory, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities, and deferred revenue approximated fair value as they are short term in nature. The fair value of warrants issued for settlement and services is estimated based on the Black-Scholes model. The carrying value of the Company’s debt and operating lease liabilities approximated its fair value, as the obligation bears interest at rates currently available for debt with similar maturities and collateral requirements.
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company follows the guidance in ASC 820 for its financial assets and liabilities that are re-measured and reported at fair value at each reporting period, and non-financial assets and liabilities that are re-measured and reported at fair value at least annually. The estimated fair value of the warrant liabilities represents Level 3 measurements. The following table presents information about the Company’s liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30,
2022 and December 31, 2021, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value:
The Company had outstanding 4,110,000 Private Warrants that were issued upon the consummation of the initial public offering of Galileo. Additionally, at the Closing, a lender holding a convertible note issued by the Company with an aggregate principal amount of $500 converted the note into 500,000 Sponsor Warrants exercisable for common stock at a purchase price of $1.00 per warrant.
The Private Warrants and Sponsor Warrants are identical to the Public Warrants except that the Private Warrants and Sponsor Warrants (i) are not redeemable by the Company and (ii) may be exercised for cash or on a cashless basis, so long as they are held by the initial purchaser or any of its permitted transferees. If the Private Warrants or Sponsor Warrants are held by someone other than the initial purchasers or their permitted transferees, the Private Warrants or Sponsor Warrants will be redeemable by the Company and exercisable by such holders on the same basis as the Public Warrants. Upon the transfer of a Private Warrant or Sponsor Warrant to a party other than an initial purchaser or any of its permitted transferees, the Private Warrants or Sponsor Warrants become Public Warrants and the fair market value of the Private Warrants at the date of the transfer is reclassified to equity.
The Private Warrants and Sponsor Warrants are not indexed to the Company’s common stock in the manner contemplated by ASC 815-40-15 because the holder of the instrument is not an input into the pricing of a fixed-for-fixed option on equity shares. The Company classifies the Private Warrants and Sponsor Warrants as derivative liabilities in its unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2022.
The Company utilizes a Binomial Lattice model approach to value the Private Warrants and Sponsor Warrants at each reporting period with changes in fair value recognized in the statement of operations. The estimated fair value of the warrant liabilities is determined using Level 3 inputs. Inherent in a binomial options pricing model are assumptions related to expected share-price volatility, expected life, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield. The Company estimates the volatility of its common stock based on historical volatility that matches the expected remaining life of the warrants. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury zero-coupon yield curve on the grant date for a maturity similar to the expected remaining life of the warrants. The expected life of the warrants is assumed to be equivalent to their remaining contractual term. The dividend rate is based on the historical rate, which the Company anticipates to remain at zero.
The significant unobservable inputs used in the Binomial Lattice Model to measure the warrant liabilities that are categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are as follows:
The following table provides a summary of changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recognized income resulting from a change in the fair value of warrant liabilities of $31 and $1,558, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company recognized income resulting from a change in the fair value of warrant liabilities of $5,088.
As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were 772,408 and 3,114,388 Private Warrants outstanding, respectively.
The following table provides a summary of change in the balance of the earnout liability which is included within the other current liabilities within the balance sheet:
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company recognized income resulting from a change in the fair value of the earnout liability of $1,784.
Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
At the Closing, there were 3,510,405 shares of common stock issued as part of the Merger consideration (the “Earnout Shares”) subject to vesting and forfeiture conditions (the “Earnout Terms”) based upon the volume-weighted average trading price of common stock reaching targets of $14.00 and $16.00, respectively (with 50% released at each target) for a period of 30 consecutive trading days during the three-year period after the Closing, with the portion of such shares that would otherwise be deliverable to Legacy Shapeways stockholders at the Closing being withheld and deposited into escrow. The fair value of the Earnout Shares was estimated using the trading price of the common stock at Closing ($7.70), discounted based on the probability of the Earnout Terms being met as determined at Closing, and thus represents a Level 2 fair value measurement as defined in ASC 820. The Earnout Shares, if achieved, would be issued to Legacy Shapeways stockholders. The Earnout Shares are a fixed number of shares to be issued to such stockholders on a pro rata basis. The fair value of the Earnout Shares was recognized as a deemed dividend. Upon closing of the Merger, the estimated fair value of the Earnout Shares was $18,132 with such amount recognized as a deemed dividend. As the Company was in an accumulated deficit position as of the measurement date, the resulting deemed dividend was recorded as a reduction of additional paid-in capital with a corresponding offset recorded to additional paid-in capital. As of September 30, 2022, there were 3,510,405 Earnout Shares unvested and remaining subject to the Earnout Terms.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef